Topamax consists largely of a component known as topiramate. The main function of topiramate is to act as an anticonvulsant medication. Topamax can be taken in amounts of either 25mg, 50mg, 100mg, or 200mg.
How It Works
The nerve cells present in the nerves and the brain communicate with one another through electrical signals or impulses. In order for the normal functioning of this components to continue, these impulses need to be regulated.
Sometimes, however, rapid and continuous signals are fired, causing the brain to become overstimulated. When this occurs, seizures take place. Topiramate manages this situation by targeting two separate neurotransmitters – GABA and glutamate. Topiramate stimulates GABA which causes the nerves to become less excited. Simultaneously, it reduces the effect of glutamate, which causes further stimulation of the nerves. Therefore, seizures are less likely to occur.
Topamax is given to individuals who experience seizures due to several conditions including epilepsy. It can be prescribed to children as young as two years old and adults. In certain cases, Topamax is provided to those suffering from migraine headaches. It can help to reduce the prevalence of these types of headaches. Topamax cannot be used to get rid of a headache that is already present.
Prior to taking Topamax, you should first visit a doctor. This specialist will be able to accurately diagnose your condition and tell you exactly the amount of Topamax that you should be taking. When provided with this prescription, you will need to follow it closely. You should not increase or decrease the amount of Topamax that you have been instructed to consume without getting your doctor’s approval. It is unsafe for you to suddenly discontinue the use of Topamax as well.
For children between the age of two and ten who have seizures, the amount given is largely based on their weight. The following are the total amounts given each day. This needs to be divided into two equal quantities. For those who weigh up to 11 kilos, the amount is 150mg. Those that weigh between 12 and 31kg, it is 200mg. Children weighing more than 32 kilos can be given 250mg.
For children over ten and adults with seizures, the total amount should be 400mg each day, taken in two separate doses. However, the initial quantity should begin at about 50mg and gradually increase over the course of six weeks.
For those over the age of twelve who experience migraines, the dosage should be 50mg, taken two times a day. This should begin at 25mg and slowly increase over four weeks.
There are certain adverse reactions associated with Topamax. The more expected indicators are:
Tenderness of the breasts (in women)
Difficulty passing stools
Increase in body temperature
If you experience these or other issues while consuming Topamax you should get a consultation with a doctor.
Avoid taking Topamax if you are sensitive to any of the ingredients in the medication.
You should share the following information with your doctor if it relates to you:
Glaucoma, eye problems, and vision issues
Depression or mood disorders
Are currently taking Lithium
Even if you get pregnant, you should not stop taking Topamax until you have seen a doctor.
Topamax can cause the level of acid in your blood to increase.
Topamax may cause certain types of birth control to be less functional.