Thursday , April 25 2019

Xeloda (Capecitabine)

Generic Name: capecitabine (KAP e SYE ta been)

Brand Names: Xeloda

 

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Description

Xeloda is a drug that can treat certain types of cancers such as colorectal and in the breast tissue. Xeloda is listed as an Essential Medicine by the World Health Organization.

 

How It Works

 

Xeloda contains an active ingredient called capecitabine, which is an orally administered chemotherapy agent. In the body, capecitabine can be synthesized by enzyme into a substance known as 5-fluorouracil, which treats multiple types of cancer. Capecitabine can interfere with the growth of cancer cells and prevent cancerous cells from spreading to healthy tissue in other parts of the body.

 

Uses

 

Xeloda is mainly prescribed to treat breast cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer and sometimes esophageal cancer. Xeloda can be used solely or as part of a combination therapy to treat these cancers.

 

Dosage

 

Dosage of the Xeloda is prescribed by the physician according to the type of cancer being treated, severity, body size, response to treatment, and other factors. Therefore, individual dosages may vary.

 

Before taking Xeloda, completely read the patient information leaflet provided with the packaging. Follow the dosage instructions in the leaflet in addition to the instructions given by your doctor.

 

Xeloda pills are taken by the mouth as directed by a physician. Xeloda is usually taken twice a day, once in the morning and the evening. Swallow Xeloda tablets with a full glass of water (about 240 mL).

 

Xeloda should be taken about 30 minutes after a meal. The tablets are usually taken daily for two weeks, with a one week break. The treatment cycles continue in two week periods in this manner.

 

Pills must be swallowed whole. Do not crush or chew the tablets. This will cause the full dose to be released in to the body at once, thus increasing the risk for severe side effects.

 

Side Effects

 

 Nausea
 Vomiting
 Diarrhea
 Loss of appetite
 Constipation
 Tiredness
 Weakness
 Headache
 Dizziness
 Trouble sleeping
 Changes to taste

 

Nausea and vomiting caused by Xeloda can be particularly severe. In some instances, doctors prescribe separate medication to treat nausea and vomiting.

 

Inform of your doctor of any side effects that do not fade away or gets worse over time.

 

Precautions

 

 Do not take this medication if allergic to any of the ingredients in the pills.

 

 Do not take Xeloda without informing your doctor of complete medical history, especially if you have been treated for blood disorders, heart problems, liver or kidney disease.

 

 Tell your doctor if you lack dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) enzyme.

 

 Avoid driving if you experience dizziness as a side effect.

 

 Xeloda can be absorbed through skin and lung tissue. Women who are pregnant, nursing or are expecting to get pregnant soon should not be exposed to Xeloda tablets or breathable powder from the tablets.

 

Self-Care

 

Treat nausea and vomiting possibly caused by the medicine by taking several small meals per day. Avoiding eating before treatment can also reduce vomiting.

 

Drink plenty of fluids when taking Xeloda, especially if you experience vomiting and diarrhea as side effects. Do not let yourself be dehydrated.

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