Tuesday , August 20 2019

Zyloprim

Generic Name: allopurinol (al oh PURE i nole)

Brand Names: Zyloprim

 

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Description

Zyloprim is a drug generically known as allopurinol. It is used to reduce urate or uric acid formation for conditions that cause an excess. Such conditions may include chronic gout and hyperuricemia. It is also given intravenously to patients undergoing chemotherapy, and it may be used in certain other conditions.

 

How it Works

 

Primarily, Zyloprim inhibits the production of uric acid in the blood. This helps in the prevention of kidney stones, damage to kidneys caused by uric acid, and gout. It also helps in the same way for blood disorders that are associated with certain cancers like leukemia and lymphomas.

 

Uses

 

As Zyloprim normalizes uric acid production in the body, it is primarily used for the treatment and prevention of kidney problems and gout, as mentioned above. Certain cancers and chemotherapy treatments can also lead to severe acute hyperuricemia, and Zyloprim may be prescribed for such cases. Other uses include improving the condition of people with Crohn’s disease or inflammatory bowel disease when conventional treatments fail, and as an additive drug for refractory epilepsy.

 

Dosage

 

Depending on how severe the condition is, a doctor may prescribe a specific amount of Zyloprim to take per day. On average, patients with mild gout may be prescribed 200-300mg a day, while more severe gout may require 400-600mg. Doses higher than 300mg should be administered in equally divided doses. Children with secondary hyperuricemia may be prescribed 150-300mg of Zyloprim daily, depending on age. Generally, this drug is administered via oral capsule, oral tablet, or intravenous solution.

 

Side Effects

 

Some possible side effects may be observed, but these are rarely severe. You may experience some milder side effects such as:

 

 Vision changes
 Burning sensation in the stomach or chest
 Other sensory changes
 Indigestion
 Impaired libido
 Muscular tenderness, pain, or stiffness

 

There may be other mild effects not listed here, but these should pass as the body grows accustomed to the medication. If they do not, speak to a medical expert. If a more severe side effect arises, however, seek medical attention without delay. Some such side effects include:

 

 Ankle, knee, or toe joint pains
 Stiffness or swelling of joints
 Rash
 Abdominal pains
 Diarrhea
 Unusually colored stools or urine

 

Precautions

 

Always discuss past medical problems with your doctor prior to taking Zyloprim. Certain individuals may suffer from complications if the doctor is unaware of medical history when prescribing this medication. Certain recreational and prescription drugs may also have negative interactions with Zyloprim, so it is important that you discuss any and all drug consumption beforehand.

 

Tell your doctor if you are receiving chemotherapy or if you have diseases such as liver or kidney disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, or congestive heart failure.

 

Avoid drinking any alcohol while on this drug, and make sure that you drink at least 8-10 full glasses of water unless advised otherwise by the doctor.

 

If you notice any allergic reaction to the drug, stop taking it immediately and speak with your doctor.

 

Self Care

 

The effects of taking Zyloprim while pregnant or nursing a baby are not fully known yet. So, it is best inform the doctor if you are currently pregnant or breastfeeding, or if you are planning for it.

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